Difference between revisions of "En-en adult card 14 energy budget"

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== Explanation ==
== Explanation ==
On the graph, you can see several colours that represent, from top to bottom :
On the graph, you can see several colours that represent, from top to bottom:


* In light blue, the upper layer of the ocean, between 0 and 700m
* In light blue, the upper layer of the ocean, between 0 and 700m
* In dark blue, the lower layer of the ocean, between 700m and 2000m
* In dark blue, the lower layer of the ocean, between 700m and 2000m
* In white, the different ice creams
* In white, the different types of ice  
* In orange, the floors
* In orange, the soil
* In purple, the atmosphere
* In purple, the atmosphere.


The dotted lines represent uncertainty.
The dotted lines represent uncertainty.


== Facilitation tips ==
== Facilitation advice ==


=== Simplified version ===
=== Simplified version ===
Line 22: Line 22:


=== Full version ===
=== Full version ===
When keeping this card, we must remember the first principle of thermodynamics: energy is conserved. Participants may draw links from Energy budget to [[En-en adult card 17 increase in water temperature|Increase in Water Temperature]] and [[En-en adult card 21 temperature rise|Temperature Rise]], then links from [[En-en adult card 21 temperature rise|Temperature Rise]] to [[En-en adult card 16 melting of glaciers|Melting of glaciers]] and [[En-en adult card 17 increase in water temperature|Increase in Water Temperature]] to [[En-en adult card 18 melting of sea ice|Melting of Sea Ice]] and [[En-en adult card 19 melting of ice sheets|Melting of Ice Sheets]]. By doing this, they consider that the air and water warm up, and then they melt the pack ice, glaciers and ice caps. But if a calorie has passed through the water and finally contributes to melting the pack ice from below, then it is no longer in the water.
If you choose to keep this card, you need to remember the first principle of thermodynamics: energy is conserved. Players may draw links from Energy budget to [[En-en adult card 17 increase in water temperature|Increase in Water Temperature]] and [[En-en adult card 21 temperature rise|Temperature Rise]], then links from [[En-en adult card 21 temperature rise|Temperature Rise]] to [[En-en adult card 16 melting of glaciers|Melting of glaciers]] and [[En-en adult card 17 increase in water temperature|Increase in Water Temperature]] to [[En-en adult card 18 melting of sea ice|Melting of Sea Ice]] and [[En-en adult card 19 melting of ice sheets|Melting of Ice Sheets]]. By doing this, they consider that the air and water warm up, and then they melt the pack ice, glaciers and ice caps. But if a calorie has passed through the water and finally contributes to melting the pack ice from below, then it is no longer in the water.


=== Explanation tip ===
=== Explanation advice ===
A tip to simplify the explanation of this card is to rename the following cards. An increase in temperature is an increase in energy, and a melt is also an increase in energy. The five cards then become Increase in the energy level of water, air, sea ice... And the participants understand that these five cards have to be put at the same level. So if a calorie that is in the water contributes to melting the pack ice, once the pack ice has melted, this calorie is no longer in the water. The water has cooled down. In this case, should the calorie be counted in the "ocean" or "melting ice" part? Answer: in the melting part of the ice. Because there is energy conservation (first principle of thermodynamics). You can't count this calorie twice.
A tip to simplify the explanation of this card is to rename the following cards. An increase in temperature is an increase in energy, and melting is also an increase in energy. The five cards then become Increase in the energy level of water, air, sea ice... And the players will understand that these five cards have to be put at the same level. So if a calorie that is in the water contributes to melting the pack ice, once the pack ice has melted, this calorie is no longer in the water. The water has cooled down. In this case, should the calorie be counted in the "ocean" or "melting ice" part? Answer: in the melting part of the ice. You can't count this calorie twice.


== Other possible links ==
== Other possible links ==
Line 35: Line 35:


=== Figures ===
=== Figures ===
Oceans cover 71% of the earth's surface, with an average depth of 4km. If air were reduced to the same density as water, its height would be 10m. The ocean has a very high density, which explains why it absorbs most of the energy related to GHGs emitted by man.
Oceans cover 71% of the earth's surface, with an average depth of 4 km. If air were reduced to the same density as water, its height would be 10m. The ocean has a very high density, which explains why it absorbs most of the energy related to GHGs emitted by man.


=== Videos ===
=== Videos ===
Line 42: Line 42:
== References ==
== References ==
<references />
<references />
[[fr:Fr-fr_adulte_carte_14_budget_énergétique]]

Revision as of 15:02, 13 February 2021

Card #14: Energy Budget

Causes Consequences
Front of the card "Energy Budget"


This graph explains where the energy accumulated on Earth due to radiative forcing goes :
it warms up the ocean, melts ice, dissipates into the ground, and warms up the atmosphere.

[1]

Explanation

On the graph, you can see several colours that represent, from top to bottom:

  • In light blue, the upper layer of the ocean, between 0 and 700m
  • In dark blue, the lower layer of the ocean, between 700m and 2000m
  • In white, the different types of ice
  • In orange, the soil
  • In purple, the atmosphere.

The dotted lines represent uncertainty.

Facilitation advice

Simplified version

This card can be removed for the simplified version, at the same time as the radiative forcing and aerosols.

Full version

If you choose to keep this card, you need to remember the first principle of thermodynamics: energy is conserved. Players may draw links from Energy budget to Increase in Water Temperature and Temperature Rise, then links from Temperature Rise to Melting of glaciers and Increase in Water Temperature to Melting of Sea Ice and Melting of Ice Sheets. By doing this, they consider that the air and water warm up, and then they melt the pack ice, glaciers and ice caps. But if a calorie has passed through the water and finally contributes to melting the pack ice from below, then it is no longer in the water.

Explanation advice

A tip to simplify the explanation of this card is to rename the following cards. An increase in temperature is an increase in energy, and melting is also an increase in energy. The five cards then become Increase in the energy level of water, air, sea ice... And the players will understand that these five cards have to be put at the same level. So if a calorie that is in the water contributes to melting the pack ice, once the pack ice has melted, this calorie is no longer in the water. The water has cooled down. In this case, should the calorie be counted in the "ocean" or "melting ice" part? Answer: in the melting part of the ice. You can't count this calorie twice.

Other possible links

Consequences

Permafrost and Methane Hydrates If we want to stay within the same logic of energy conservation, we would have to make the melting link from the Energy budget.

To go further

Figures

Oceans cover 71% of the earth's surface, with an average depth of 4 km. If air were reduced to the same density as water, its height would be 10m. The ocean has a very high density, which explains why it absorbs most of the energy related to GHGs emitted by man.

Videos

Video presentation of the map by Rodolphe Meyer (French)

References