Difference between revisions of "En-en adult card 13 additional greenhouse effect"

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== Explanation ==
== Explanation ==


On this card, we can see arrows of two colours :
On this card, we can see arrows of two colours:


* Orange for the energy '''that comes from the sun''' (UV, visible light and high-frequency infrared) and that which is reflected by the albedo effect at the same frequency. Albedo is the ability of a body to reflect light (a black body has an albedo of 0, a mirror has an albedo of 1, the earth has an average albedo of 0.31).
* The orange arrows represent the energy '''that comes from the sun''' (UV, visible light and high-frequency infrared) and that which is reflected by the albedo effect at the same frequency. Albedo is the ability of a body to reflect light (a black body has an albedo of 0, a mirror has an albedo of 1, the earth has an average albedo of 0.31).
* Red for low frequency infrared, '''emitted by the earth''' which is less warm than the sun, or retained by the greenhouse effect.
* The red arrows represent low frequency infrared energy, '''emitted by the Earth''', which is less warm than the sun, or retained by the greenhouse effect.


The greenhouse effect is based on the fact that it is not the same incoming radiation as outgoing radiation.
The greenhouse effect is based on the fact that it is not the same incoming radiation as outgoing radiation.


On the right, "-18°C" is the temperature we would have on earth without the greenhouse effect and "15°C" is the actual average temperature today.  
On the right, -18°C is the temperature we would have on Earth without the greenhouse effect and 15°C is the planet's average temperature today.  


It was "14°C" in 1850, i.e. before human activity produced this additional greenhouse effect.
It was 14°C in 1850, i.e. before human activity produced this additional greenhouse effect.


== Facilitation tips ==
== Facilitation advice ==
This card can be used to explain the greenhouse effect or radiative forcing.
This card can be used to explain the greenhouse effect or radiative forcing.


The image of the duvet can be used to explain the additional greenhouse effect: under the duvet you are just fine in terms of temperature, the duvet is the natural greenhouse effect. All the GHGs that man puts into the atmosphere add feathers to the duvet and it gets hotter and hotter.
The image of a blanket can be used to explain the additional greenhouse effect. Under the blanket, which symbolises natural greenhouse effect you are nice and warm. But the GHGs that humankind sends into the atmosphere thicken the blanket and it gets hotter and hotter.
 
[[fr:Fr-fr_adulte_carte_14_effet_de_serre_additionnel]]
== To go further ==
Additional content

Revision as of 14:46, 13 February 2021

Card #13: Additional Greenhouse Effect

Causes Consequences
Front of the card "Additional Greenhouse Effect"


The greenhouse effect is a natural phenomenon – and incidentally, the first of the GHGs is water vapor.
Without greenhouse effect, the planet would be 33°C colder and life as we know it would not be possible.
But CO2 and other GHGs related to human activity increase the natural greenhouse effect and unbalance the climate.

Explanation

On this card, we can see arrows of two colours:

  • The orange arrows represent the energy that comes from the sun (UV, visible light and high-frequency infrared) and that which is reflected by the albedo effect at the same frequency. Albedo is the ability of a body to reflect light (a black body has an albedo of 0, a mirror has an albedo of 1, the earth has an average albedo of 0.31).
  • The red arrows represent low frequency infrared energy, emitted by the Earth, which is less warm than the sun, or retained by the greenhouse effect.

The greenhouse effect is based on the fact that it is not the same incoming radiation as outgoing radiation.

On the right, -18°C is the temperature we would have on Earth without the greenhouse effect and 15°C is the planet's average temperature today.

It was 14°C in 1850, i.e. before human activity produced this additional greenhouse effect.

Facilitation advice

This card can be used to explain the greenhouse effect or radiative forcing.

The image of a blanket can be used to explain the additional greenhouse effect. Under the blanket, which symbolises natural greenhouse effect you are nice and warm. But the GHGs that humankind sends into the atmosphere thicken the blanket and it gets hotter and hotter.